文章摘要
许彧青,孟庆鑫,杨治,张立勋.基于粒子群优化算法的控制面板布局优化方法研究[J].高技术通讯(中文),2012,22(8):869~874
基于粒子群优化算法的控制面板布局优化方法研究
An optimizing method of control panel layoutbased on particle swarm optimization
  修订日期:2011-08-08
DOI:
中文关键词: 后备盘台, 布局原则, 粒子群算法(PSO), 人机界面, 布局优化
英文关键词: back up panel, layout principle, particle swarm optimization(PSO), human machine interface, layout optimization
基金项目:863计划(2008AA040203) 资助项目
作者单位
许彧青 哈尔滨工程大学机电工程学院 
孟庆鑫 哈尔滨工程大学机电工程学院 
杨治 哈尔滨工程大学机电工程学院 
张立勋 哈尔滨工程大学机电工程学院 
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中文摘要:
      针对目前核电站主控制室后备盘台人机界面设计过多依赖人的经验和主观判断从而导致控制面板布局随意性的问题,提出了基于粒子群优化算法的控制面板布局设计优化方法,即先对控制面板上元件的重要性、操作频率、操作顺序和相关性等工效学布局原则分别进行数学描述,并依此构造布局优化目标函数,将布局问题抽象为数学问题,然后采用粒子群优化算法对布局优化目标函数进行求解,以便快速地找到最优布局方案,从而达到布局优化的目的。通过对16个操纵和显示元件进行布局优化计算,证明了该方法能有效地解决后备盘台人机界面布局优化问题。
英文摘要:
      Based on particle swarm optimization, a method for optimizing the layout of the back up display control panel is proposed for design of a human machine interface of a nuclear power plant’s main control room, to avoid the subjectivity and randomicity in layout due to designers’ experience. The method is described below. In accordance with the importance of ergonomics principles, operating frequency, operating order and correlation, a layout optimizing mathematic model is structured. Then an objective function is formed in order to transform the layout problem to a mathematic problem. At last a layout result is carried out using particle swarm optimization. An implementation of 16 control and display components was tested, showing that this method is effective for back up panel interface design.
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